Bridgepoint Education: A Detailed Look at Its Role in Higher Education USA

Bridgepoint Education, now called Zovio, Inc., has made a significant mark in the world of higher education. Established in 1999, this for-profit education services company is based in Chandler, Arizona. Its main goal has always been to provide affordable, accessible, and quality education to students from various backgrounds. Bridgepoint Education has managed several institutions, with the most famous being Ashford University and the University of the Rockies. This article explores the history, impact, challenges, and future prospects of Bridgepoint Education, emphasizing its contributions to higher education.

Early Days and Foundation

Bridgepoint Education was founded by Andrew Clark, who wanted to change how higher education was delivered. The company initially focused on buying existing schools and turning them into online learning platforms. This approach aimed to use technology to reach students who couldn’t attend traditional on-campus programs, including working adults.

In 2005, Bridgepoint Education bought the Franciscan University of the Prairies in Iowa and renamed it Ashford University. This purchase marked the start of its journey into online education. Ashford University quickly expanded its online courses, offering a wide range of undergraduate and graduate programs.

Rapid Growth

Acquiring Ashford University was a game-changer for Bridgepoint Education. The university’s enrollment grew quickly, thanks to aggressive marketing and recruitment. By 2011, Ashford University had over 96,000 students, making it one of the largest online universities in the U.S. Bridgepoint’s success with Ashford was followed by the acquisition of the University of the Rockies, which offered graduate programs in psychology and leadership.

Bridgepoint Education’s growth was also boosted by its Initial Public Offering (IPO) in 2009, which raised significant funds for further expansion. The IPO allowed Bridgepoint to invest in technology, infrastructure, and marketing, strengthening its position in the online education market.

Academic Programs and Innovations

Bridgepoint Education offered a variety of programs through its institutions, catering to diverse student needs. Ashford University provided degrees in fields like business, education, healthcare, and social sciences. The University of the Rockies focused on graduate education, especially in psychology and organizational leadership.

One of Bridgepoint’s key innovations was the use of advanced learning management systems (LMS) to deliver online courses. These platforms made learning interactive and engaging, featuring multimedia content, discussion forums, and real-time assessments. Additionally, Bridgepoint invested in adaptive learning technologies to personalize the learning experience, helping each student based on their strengths and weaknesses.

Focus on Student Success

Bridgepoint Education emphasized student success and support services. Understanding the challenges faced by non-traditional students, the company developed comprehensive support services to improve retention and graduation rates. These included academic advising, tutoring, career counseling, and mental health support.

Ashford University, in particular, had a “Student Success Center” that provided resources and support for writing, research, and study skills, helping students tackle online learning challenges. The university also offered financial aid counseling and job placement assistance after graduation.

Regulatory Issues and Criticisms

Despite its achievements, Bridgepoint Education faced significant regulatory issues and criticisms. The rapid growth of Ashford University drew attention from accrediting bodies and government agencies. In 2011, the Higher Learning Commission (HLC), Ashford’s accreditor, raised concerns about the university’s retention and graduation rates, and the adequacy of its faculty and resources.

The U.S. Department of Education also investigated Bridgepoint Education for its recruitment practices and use of federal financial aid. These investigations led to allegations of misleading advertising, aggressive recruitment, and inadequate student support. In 2012, Bridgepoint settled with the Iowa Attorney General’s Office, agreeing to pay $7.25 million to resolve consumer fraud allegations.

Rebranding and New Directions

In response to these challenges, Bridgepoint Education began rebranding and restructuring. In 2019, the company rebranded as Zovio, Inc., signaling a shift from operating educational institutions to providing education technology and services. Ashford University was transferred to the University of Arizona and rebranded as the University of Arizona Global Campus.

The rebranding aimed to distance the company from its controversial past and focus on innovation and student success. Zovio now concentrates on offering technology solutions and services to educational institutions, leveraging its expertise in online learning and student support.

Impact on Higher Education

Bridgepoint Education has had a significant impact on higher education. It played a crucial role in expanding access to higher education through online learning. By using technology, Bridgepoint made education more accessible to non-traditional students, including working adults and those in remote areas.

The company’s emphasis on student support services also helped improve retention and graduation rates for online students. Bridgepoint’s innovative use of learning management systems and adaptive learning technologies set a high standard for online education providers.

Lessons and Future Outlook

Bridgepoint Education’s journey offers valuable lessons for the higher education sector. The company’s rapid growth and subsequent regulatory challenges highlight the importance of maintaining academic quality and ethical recruitment practices. Institutions must balance growth with a commitment to student success and regulatory compliance.

Looking ahead, Zovio’s focus on education technology and services positions it well to support the evolving needs of higher education institutions. The COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated the adoption of online learning, creating opportunities for companies like Zovio to provide innovative solutions for digital education.


Bridgepoint Education, now Zovio, Inc., has significantly impacted higher education through its innovative approach to online learning and student support. Despite facing regulatory challenges and criticisms, its commitment to accessible and affordable education remains noteworthy. The rebranding and strategic shift to education technology and services reflect a forward-looking approach to the changing landscape of higher education.

As demand for online education grows, Zovio’s expertise positions it to shape the future of digital learning. Bridgepoint Education’s story underscores the importance of balancing growth with a strong commitment to academic quality, ethical practices, and student success.